Potentiometers

What is a potentiometer?



A potentiometer is a variable resistor. Potentiometers enable you to regulate and change the current flowing through a circuit. Potentiometers can also be called pots or potmeters.



Potentiometers have two terminals that are fixed to a resistive element (the track). The resistive element is typically wirewound or made from carbon, cermet or conductive plastic. The third terminal is connected to the wiper, which is a sliding contact. As the wiper moves along the track, the resistance changes and the current flowing through the circuit changes.



Types of potentiometer



Rotary potentiometers are easily controlled by turning a spindle or a knob. Rotary potentiometers can be single turn or multiturn.



Slide potentiometers are also known as slider potentiometers or fader potentiometers. To use a slide potentiometer, it’s simply a case of sliding a fader along a straight track to change the resistance.



Trimmer potentiometers, sometimes called trimpots, are used to calibrate and fine-tune circuits and can be mounted straight onto a PCB (printed circuit board). Trimmer potentiometers are easy to adjust with a screwdriver.



String potentiometers (or string pots) take movement and transform it into an electrical signal.



Membrane potentiometers are completely flat. Membrane potentiometers change their resistance when pressure is applied to the membrane.



Do I need a potentiometer with a linear or logarithmic taper?



The taper you need for your potentiometer depends on the intended application.



For potentiometers with a linear taper, the resistance between one end of the track and the wiper varies at a constant rate. If you turn the potentiometer halfway or slide the fader halfway along the track, the resistance will be half of the total resistance. Linear taper potentiometers are typically used in applications such as light dimmer switches.



For logarithmic taper potentiometers, the resistance does not vary at a constant rate. The level of resistance moves exponentially up or down. A potentiometer that has been turned or moved halfway along its track, will not produce resistance that is half the total resistance. Logarithmic potentiometers are commonly used for audio applications.



What is the difference between a potentiometer and a rheostat?



The key difference is the number of terminals that each device has. Potentiometers have three terminals while rheostats only have two terminals.



Looking for peripherals for your potentiometer?



Potentiometer Knobs

Potentiometer Accessories

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Omschrijving Prijs Maximum Resistance Potentiometer Type Number of Turns Number of Gangs Mounting Type Power Rating Shaft Diameter Electrical Taper Mounting Hole Diameter Element Material Termination Style Tolerance Series Shaft Length
RS-stocknr. 167-3584
Fabrikantnummer3590S-2-502L
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9,937 €
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Aantal stuks
5 kΩ Rotary 10 1 Panel Mount 2W 6.35 mm Linear - Wirewound Solder Lug ±5% 3590 20.6mm
RS-stocknr. 107-0779
Fabrikantnummer3590S-2-502L
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11,71 €
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5 kΩ Rotary 10 1 Panel Mount 2W 6.35 mm Linear - Wirewound Solder Lug ±5% 3590 20.6mm
RS-stocknr. 107-0785
Fabrikantnummer3590S-2-103L
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11,71 €
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10 kΩ Rotary 10 1 Panel Mount 2W 6.35 mm Linear - Wirewound Solder Lug ±5% 3590 20.6mm
RS-stocknr. 165-5998
Fabrikantnummer3683S-1-103L
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45,20 €
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10 kΩ Digital Display - 2 Panel Mount 2W - - - - Solder Lug ±3% 3680 -
RS-stocknr. 167-3206
Fabrikantnummer3683S-1-103L
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31,135 €
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10 kΩ Digital Display - 2 Panel Mount 2W - - - - Solder Lug ±3% 3680 -
RS-stocknr. 167-3582
Fabrikantnummer3590S-2-102L
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9,937 €
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1 kΩ Rotary 10 1 Panel Mount 2W 6.35 mm Linear - Wirewound Solder Lug ±5% 3590 20.6mm
RS-stocknr. 107-0757
Fabrikantnummer3590S-2-102L
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11,71 €
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1 kΩ Rotary 10 1 Panel Mount 2W 6.35 mm Linear - Wirewound Solder Lug ±5% 3590 20.6mm
RS-stocknr. 167-3589
Fabrikantnummer3590S-2-104L
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12,868 €
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100 kΩ Rotary 10 1 Panel Mount 2W 6.35 mm Linear - Wirewound Solder Lug ±5% 3590 20.6mm
RS-stocknr. 107-0814
Fabrikantnummer3590S-2-104L
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15,16 €
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100 kΩ Rotary 10 1 Panel Mount 2W 6.35 mm Linear - Wirewound Solder Lug ±5% 3590 20.6mm
RS-stocknr. 161-6912
Fabrikantnummer91A1A-B28-D20L
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4,586 €
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100 kΩ Rotary 1 1 Panel Mount 0.25W 6.35 mm CW Audio - Conductive Plastic PC Pin ±20% 91 22.2mm
RS-stocknr. 522-2974
Fabrikantnummer3540S-1-103L
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22,74 €
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10 kΩ Rotary 10 1 Panel Mount 2W 6.35 mm Linear - Wirewound Solder Lug ±5% 3540 20.6mm
RS-stocknr. 167-3599
Fabrikantnummer3540S-1-103L
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15,455 €
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10 kΩ Rotary 10 1 Panel Mount 2W 6.35 mm Linear - Wirewound Solder Lug ±5% 3540 20.6mm
RS-stocknr. 522-5175
Fabrikantnummer91A1A-B28-D20L
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5,44 €
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100 kΩ Rotary 1 1 Panel Mount 0.25W 6.35 mm CW Audio - Conductive Plastic PC Pin ±20% 91 22.2mm
RS-stocknr. 167-3594
Fabrikantnummer6639S-1-103
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12,191 €
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10 kΩ Rotary Continuous 1 Panel Mount 1W 6.35 mm Linear - Conductive Plastic Solder Turret ±15% 6639 22.2mm
RS-stocknr. 851-7391
Fabrikantnummer91A1A-B24-D15L
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5,44 €
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10 kΩ Rotary 1 1 Panel Mount 0.5W 6.35 mm CW Audio - Conductive Plastic PC Pin ±20% 91 19mm
RS-stocknr. 164-2677
Fabrikantnummer6639S-1-103
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15,06 €
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10 kΩ Rotary Continuous 1 Panel Mount 1W 6.35 mm Linear - Conductive Plastic Solder Turret ±15% 6639 22.2mm
RS-stocknr. 248-6759
Fabrikantnummer3682S-1-103L
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32,59 €
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10 kΩ Digital Display - 2 Panel Mount 2W - - - - Solder Lug ±3% 3680 -
RS-stocknr. 167-4766
Fabrikantnummer91A1A-B28-B15L
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4,067 €
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10 kΩ Rotary 1 1 Panel Mount, Through Hole 0.5W 6.35 mm Linear - Conductive Plastic PC Pin ±20% 91 22.2mm
RS-stocknr. 692-8503
Fabrikantnummer3549S-1AA-101A
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16,40 €
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100 Ω Rotary 10 1 Panel Mount 2W 6.35 mm Linear - Wirewound Solder Lug ±3% 3549 20.6mm
RS-stocknr. 167-3611
Fabrikantnummer3682S-1-103L
FabrikantBourns
21,736 €
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Aantal stuks
10 kΩ Digital Display - 2 Panel Mount 2W - - - - Solder Lug ±3% 3680 -